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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 120-125

Analysis of Stroke-Risk Factors Among Stroke Survivors

1 Victoria Physiotherapy Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, MAHSA University, Selangor, Malaysia
3 Chettinad School of Physiotherapy, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Sree Anjaneya College of Paramedical Sciences, Malabar Medical College Hospital & Research Centre Campus, Calicut, Kerala, India
5 Senior Lecturer, AIMST University, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Shenbaga Sundaram Subramanian
Chettinad School of Physiotherapy, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu 603103
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnpnd.ijnpnd_4_22

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Introduction: Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident, is the sudden loss of neurologic function caused by an interruption of the blood flow to the brain. It is the third most common cause of mortality and the leading cause of long-term disability worldwide. Ischemic and hemorrhagic are two types of strokes caused by the blockage or rupture of the blood vessel. Adverse consequences on stroke survivors’ physical, psychosocial, emotional, social, and economic status place stroke among the leading causes of diminished quality of life. Individuals who have suffered a previous stroke are at the risk of recurrence. Perhaps, early prevention by identifying the risk factor may minimize the implications of stroke in the citizen and prevent recurrent stroke. Methods: Cross-sectional study of the qualitative approach was undertaken. A case sheet of 100 subjects who fulfill with the inclusion and exclusion criteria was included using the convenience sampling method. This study was performed within 3 months. Patients’ information was collected from their case sheets and filled into the study data collection form. The collected study data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean ± standard deviation, mode, and percentage. Results: Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cholesterol are the most common risk factors. Constantly hypertension is the highest among the overall stroke survivors, stroke subtypes, and in different age groups. However, the sequences of stroke-risk factors associated with stroke subtypes and different age groups vary. Conclusion: The study’s objectives have been achieved by addressing the common risk factors in overall stroke survivors, in stroke subtypes, and other age groups.

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