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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 229-234

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Vitamin D Status: Is there any Opportunity for Intervention?

1 Duta Wacana Christian University School of Medicine, Yogyakarta; Bethesda Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Bethesda Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Vincent Ongko Wijaya
Faculty of Medicine Duta Wacana Christian University, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Street Number 5-25, Yogyakarta 55224
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnpnd.ijnpnd_48_20

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Background and Aim: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly emerging infectious disease that has affected every aspect of life in many countries. Previous studies suggested that the role of vitamin D in the immune system has certain significances in managing COVID-19 patients. This study aims to report the level of vitamin D in COVID-19 patients. Methods: We collected a series of confirmed cases from period of March through May 2020. The data collected including clinical symptoms, clinical signs, and laboratory examinations from 10 COVID-19 patients in Bethesda Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This study used ELFA (enzyme-linked fluorescent assay) to measure vitamin D levels in serum or plasma. The collected data was analysed descriptively. Results: This study examined 10 patients with mean age of 49.6, ranging from 14 to 73 years old and most common age group was <60 years (60%). The gender ratio was equal between men and women (50:50). Most common symptoms were fatigue (60%) and fever (50%), whereas hypertension (40%) was the most common comorbidity. Most of patients (90%) had vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL) and only 1 patient (10%) had insufficient vitamin D levels (<30 ng/mL). Conclusion: All of the COVID-19 patients in this study had suffered a decreased vitamin D levels, and more common in non-elderly patients. This is a novel findings of vitamin D deficiency in COVID-19 and has not been reported yet. Physicians should be aware in managing COVID-19 patients, especially the risk of vitamin D deficiency.

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