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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 153-155

Non-convulsive status epilepticus presenting with catatonia and suicidal behavior

Department of Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry Clinic, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Balaji Bharadwaj
Neuropsychiatry Clinic, Department of Psychiatry, JIPMER, Puducherry- 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0738.112846

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Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an uncommon clinical entity. An electroencephalogram (EEG) helps in diagnosis of NCSE, in cases without overt motor manifestations of seizures such as automatisms. We describe an 18-year-old patient with NCSE, who had presented with catatonia and suicidal attempts. There were no automatisms or eye signs indicative of seizure. He had an episode of tonic neck deviation followed by incontinence, which first alerted us to the possibility of epilepsy. An abnormal EEG and a clinical response along with correction of EEG abnormalities with diazepam clarified the diagnosis. Management and hospital course are described in brief. The patient had residual symptoms, suggestive of a postictal state at discharge. The case shows the importance of keeping NCSE as a differential diagnosis, in cases presenting with catatonic symptoms, perplexity, and confusion. The presence of fleeting hallucinations and behavioral disturbances indicate limbic seizures in such cases, presenting in a catatonic state.

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